Teenage pregnancy research paper sample By. In Uncategorized. State of Kentucky. Kentucky Adventure. It is also taken as a licence or social expectation for a woman to enter into reproductive life and to become pregnant immediately after marriage. With mean age of marriage of Low involvement of teenage girls in decision making also contributed to early pregnancy. Consequently, this leads to negligence of family members towards care and guidance in teenage pregnancies.
These family structures and social norms have forced teenagers to give birth before they are emotionally or physically ready [ 32 ]. Different studies have reported that the most teenage girls are aware of at least one contraception method and their source for such information is friends and peers [ 27 , 29 , 31 ].
Teenage Pregnancy Research Paper
Possible reason for such outcome according to Goonewardena et al. These authors noted that teenage mothers would have delayed the index pregnancy if they had known its consequences before hand. Only three studies looked at the utilisation of health services [ 29 , 30 , 33 ]. Socio-economic deprivation remains significantly important, reflecting differential access to health services among teenage mothers [ 29 , 30 ]. The possible reason given by the latter author for lower uptake of antenatal care facilities by pregnant teenagers is lack of physical and mental maturity.
Most of the studies, nine out of ten, have examined the relationship between teenage pregnancy and its consequences. The studies found that pre-term delivery, still birth, fetal distress, birth asphyxia, anaemia, low birth weight, pregnancy-induced hypertension PIH and spontaneous abortion were most frequently encountered complications during teenage pregnancy [ 26 - 35 ]. Apart from medical consequences, there are many adverse social consequences identified within this review.
Teenage pregnancy research paper sample
Lower access to higher education, high divorce rates, premature death of women, population growth, weak and unhealthy children and single motherhood are all negative consequence of teenage pregnancy [ 29 , 31 , 32 , 34 ]. A significant number of teenage mothers had Vitamin A and iodine deficiency, which results in night blindness and formation of Goitre [ 33 , 35 ].
Of those studies investigating the link between teenage pregnancy and still birth, Khandait et al. There seem to be inconsistent evidence between birth weight and teenage pregnancy. The mean birth weight was found higher 2. Two studies reported higher pre-term delivery among teenage mothers compared to older women. There are conflicting findings regarding the link between spontaneous abortion and teenage pregnancy.
However, Ganatra et al. Low socio-economic status, limited education, cultural factors and extended family structure all appeared to be related to teenage pregnancy. Being socially discriminated against and economically poor, young women become victims of gender bias and tend to have little decision-making power. Education could play a significant role in developing self-confidence, increasing age at first sexual intercourse and delaying marriage [ 36 ].
However, it also provides an opportunity for pre-marital sexual activity. Such activity may create risks of unwanted pregnancy if it is combined with a lack of knowledge about the body and contraception [ 37 , 38 ]. Compulsory sex education can help to empower the girls, which is the most effective strategy to prepare them for late marriage, planned and delayed pregnancy and better motherhood. The legal age of marriage for most South Asian countries is 18 years, however many girls marry before this age.
Marriage law in South Asia is unenforceable and might have limited effectiveness; it is also not in tune with cultural and social norms. Moreover, teenagers get less psychological and social support on sexual health education from their family members. Many studies suggest that teenagers have basic knowledge about contraception; mostly related to information about condom use.
Teen Pregnancy Prevention
However, their use was limited and unrelated to lowering teenage pregnancy rates. The studies were not able to explain why young people were inconsistent contraceptive users, even though they have relatively high level of contraceptive knowledge. Jejeebhoy et al. In addition, gender power imbalance make risky behaviours acceptable, encourage secrecy and fear of disclosure, and inhibit negotiation among partners. Health service utilisation by teenagers has been poorly studied in South Asia.
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Those very few studies show that the utilisation of health services is directly linked to socio-economic deprivation. Socio-cultural traditions, gender relations, availability and access to health facilities and low health sector infrastructure are all barriers to access health care services in South Asia. The prevention of unintended adolescent pregnancy has become an important goal of our society. Although adolescent pregnancy and birth rates have been steadily decreasing, many adolescents still become pregnant. The purpose of this research paper is to review the history, current status, programs and the future of teen pregnancy.
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History In the early 20th Century, teen pregnancy was the norm. Women were lucky to get an education. Parenthood is something that all committed married couples look forward to and hope for. This concept is usually thought of by adults that can manage to support a family and acquires a strong partnership with a lifetime companion. Commitment is one of the key concepts to successfully raising a child.
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- Research paper on teenage pregnancy?
However, this exciting news turns into a tragedy for an unexperienced teenager undergoing pregnancy. Teens are.
Teenage pregnancy is a serious issue in our society today where people become pregnant because they are not informed. The United States had the greatest amount of pregnancies. Teenage pregnancy affects not only females but males as well; it causes serious health and education problems.
Research paper on teenage pregnancy
Many girls struggle with teen pregnancy because of their low confidence and self-worth. A majority of parents think that not setting a curfew, rules, or standards is being a good parent but the truth is those are the major keys to good parenting. Teens who have a lack of knowledge are often because of abstinence only.